To protect the rights of employees, the law guarantees rewards and certain rights to every private employee and everyone ought to know these.
- Employment Agreement: Employment agreements are essential to be presented in written contracts. Employees must enter into written contracts before starting work for any corporation or someone. Nowadays, a valid employment contract is a mandatory part in work environments. This employment agreement has been set up for an employee-employer
- Right to Minimum wages: In any organized sector, every employee has a right to minimum wages. Minimum wages do not guarantee only the livelihood but also support the medical requirements, education, and another level of necessity.
Under minimum wages act, minimum wages are fixed for some of the scheduled workforces. The minimum wages act is applicable across India. This minimum wages act is applicable to both skilled and unskilled workforces. For all sectors, minimum wages are not the same across all over the country.
- Work timing and overtime: In India, many laws provide specific work timing and compensate for Work timing is different for children, women, and men as per Factories Act.
Adult men have no work timings more than 9 hours for a day and 48 hours for a week. The employee is entitled double of his regular income for working extra hours.
Women employment is limited from 7 PM to 6 AM. As per appropriate permission, timing can be relaxed to 10 PM to 5 AM. Children timings are restricted to 4.5 hours per day. Female children working timings are restricted from 7 PM to 8 PM.
Interval period should be at least half an hour for every employee.
- Provident Fund: EPF, Employee’s Provident Fund is must for every salaried working member. It can be used only by them for medical care, housing, children education, family obligation, and many more.
- Holidays: A holiday is necessary for a week along with that public holidays like Republic Day, Independence Day, Gandhi Jayanti and many other must be paid leaves.
- Maternal Leave: Recently maternal leave is raised to 26 weeks, before it, leaves were for 12 weeks. Meanwhile, 8 weeks are reserved for prenatal leaves.
- Healthy and safe environments for the workplace: As per Factories Act, there are numerous rules for health, welfare, clean water availability for drinking, spittoons, lighting, disposal of effluents, dust, fumes, temperatures and ventilation, latrines and urinals, overcrowding, and safety of employees.
- Gratuity: One of the employees’ retirement benefits is gratuity. Under the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 employee can get gratuity after the 5 years of starting services. Employees can get gratuity payment due to retirement, resignation, and disablement because of illness or accident, superannuation, and employees’ death.
Knowing all these rights every employee can avoid his harassment in the private sector.